➠ Individualism Ebook ➦ Author Steven Lukes – Fanfaremedia.co.uk



10 thoughts on “Individualism

  1. says:

    121016 great introduction to the word individualism and its history, meaning, ideological, philosophical uses this covers connotations from french starts and somewhat remains negative , from german social, romantic, ideal , english nation of shopkeepers , utilitarians, etc , american lynchpin of american dream etc i have not read much sociology, let alone individualism as economic, political, religious, empirical, epistemological, methodological but this inspires some further reading and that is always positive historical document, 1973, does explain the varied concepts, offers ideal integration of individual and societyi read this with always already the prejudice of words ism is often ideological and in a bad way, whereas ity is positive, for example individualism versus individuality , or communism versus community but these are only places to start investigations as is this book


  2. says:

    Conservatives were too busy harping on the cultural revolution of the Sixties, liberals on the Reagan revolution s culture of greed, and all they could agree on was that America was beyond repair The American public, meanwhile, was having no trouble accepting both revolutions and reconciling them in everyday life This made sense, given that they were inspired by the same political principle radical individualism When I read this, by Mark Lilla in the New York Review of Books in 2010, it seemed epiphanic but paradoxical What does individualism mean, then If individualism is such a defining characteristic, why did do little seem to be written about it This short monograph by Lukes, first published in 1973, finally did the job for me.The first section is a kind of multilingual philological essay Individualism was first used in early 19th century France, pejoratively, then later in Germany in a positive sense, related to genius and originality In England it was used by different political schools of thought, some negatively, some positively And in the USA of course individualism became almost the national creed.The second section of the book tries to distinguish the various senses, or basic ideas , behind current usage of the word Among these are dignity, autonomy, privacy, and self development Perhaps the most insightful is the abstract individual which is the idea that the relevant features of individuals determining the ends which social arrangements are held actually or ideally to fulfil, whether these features are called instincts, faculties, needs, desires, rights, etc., are assumed as given, independently of a social context In other words, this idea is that individuals influence society but not the other way round Put like this, the idea is obviously problematic, but I do recognise in how I think, let s say about ethical approval for medical research having to come from individuals and only rarely from communities Lilla s NYRB article goes on to say the country edged left on issues of private autonomy sex, divorce, casual drug use while continuing to move right on economic autonomy individual initiative, free markets, deregulation In Lukes terms, well, autonomy is one of the first and main basic ideas within individualism but, for him, what Lilla calls economic autonomy is rather economic individualism which, as understood by Hayek for example, does not imply individual autonomy at all but rather control by corporations within a legal framework provided by government So, after all, there isn t one single thing called individualism which sufficiently explain so many features of modern society.


  3. says:

    A brisk read that deconstructs the hallowed notion of individualism, turning the concept s admirers against their own cherished beliefs and taking a compassionate yet sophisticated approach toward a defense of collectivism.


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Individualism download Individualism , read online Individualism , kindle ebook Individualism , Individualism f7a7a592975a Individualism Embraces A Wide Diversity Of Meanings And Is Widely Used By Those Who Criticise And By Those Who Praise Western Societies And Their Culture, By Historians And Literary Scholars In Search Of The Emergence Of The Individual , By Anthropologists Claiming That There Are Different, Culturally Shaped Conceptions Of The Individual Or Person , By Philosophers Debating What Form Social Science Explanations Should Take And By Political Theorists Defending Liberal Principles In This Classic Text, Steven Lukes Discusses What Individualism Has Meant In Various National Traditions And Across Different Provinces Of Thought, Analysing It Into Its Component Unit Ideas And Doctrines He Further Argues That It Now Plays A Malign Ideological Role, For It Has Come To Evoke A Socially Constructed Body Of Ideas Whose Illusory Unity Is Deployed To Suggest That Redistributive Policies Are Neither Feasible Nor Desirable And To Deny That There Are Institutional Alternatives To The Market.